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  The American Cream 美国霜

The "Cream" of Draft Horses “精华”草案的马

The only breed of draft horse to originate from America 草案马品种来自美国

The ideal American Cream is a medium cream color with white mane and tail, pink skin and amber colored eyes. 理想的美国奶油与白色的鬃毛和尾巴的中期奶油色,粉红色的皮肤,琥珀色的眼睛。 Some white markings are also very desirable. 一些白色斑纹也非常可取的。 Pink skin is the determining factor in securing this rich cream color. 粉红色的皮肤,是确保这种丰富的奶油色的决定性因素。 Past experience has proved that dark-skinned Creams often do not have a satisfactory color. 过去的经验证明,皮肤黝黑霜,往往没有一个满意的颜色 Further when mated with our American Creams, they generally produce too light or nearly white offspring. 此外,与美国膏交配,他们一般产生过轻或近白色的后代 Therefore, our chief and most sought for strain of American Creams has always carried the pink skin trait. 因此,我们的行政和美国膏应变一直进行的粉红色的皮肤特质。 These vary but little in color throughout the year and the white markings contrast beautifully with their rich cream color. 这些不同颜色的全年和精美的白色斑纹,其丰富的奶油色的对比 ,但很少。

The amber eyes are also an unusual and distinguishing trait of the American Creams. 琥珀色的眼睛也一个不寻常的美国膏和显着的特征 The foals are born with nearly white eyes. 马驹出生与眼睛接近白色。 In a short time they begin to darken and by maturity have turned to an amber color. 在短短的时间,他们开始变黑和成熟度已经变成琥珀色

The American Cream draft horse may be classified as a medium-heavy draft type. 美国马霜草案可能被列为中等重的草案型 The ideal mature weight of females is 1600 pounds and height of 15 - 16 hands. 理想女性的成熟体重为1600磅,高度为15 - 16手 Ideal mature weight of stallions is 1800-2000 pounds and height of 16-16.3 hands. 理想的公马的成熟体重为1800-2000英镑和高度16-16.3手中 We feel this size most desirable. 我们觉得这种规模的最可取的。 With their type and action, they make good show horses and also are of a size that fits into the average person's plans. 他们的类型和行动,他们做出好戏马,大小适合一般人的计划

 

A characteristic of these horses, which makes a lasting impression on those who have handled them, is their good disposition. 这些马的特点,这使得那些处理他们留下深刻印象,是他们良好的性格。 The person who keeps a team wants one not only trustworthy, but one in which they can take pride as well. 保持一个团队的人想不唯一值得信赖的,但在其中,他们可以骄傲以及 They will, therefore, be pleased to note the uniformity in color and type of the American Creams, making for easily matched teams. ,因此,他们会很高兴地注意到,在美国膏的颜色和类型的一致性,容易匹配的团队。

ORIGINATION 起源

Where did the American Cream originate? 美国的奶油是从哪里起源的呢? This is the question most frequently asked by those seeing them for the first time. 这是首次看到他们最常问的问题。

We point with pride to the fact they are the only draft horse originated and recognized as a breed in the United States. 我们点自豪的事实,他们是唯一的马起源草案,作为一个在美国的品种认可。

Our breed has descended from a draft type mare named " Old Granny " with an outstanding cream color. 我们的品种有后裔草案名为“母老太“一个优秀的奶油色。 This mare of unknown ancestry was located in central Iowa during the early part of the twentieth century. 这种未知的祖先马奶位于爱荷华州中部,在二十世纪早期的一部分 She has left her stamp in the horse world as the founder of a breed of horses distinctly and consistently resembling herself in color and type. 她已经离开了马的世界,她的邮票作为创始人马显着,坚持自己的颜色和类型相似的品种。 By mating her offspring to other well-known draft breeds, the type and quality has been improved while the color has been maintained. 她的后代,通过交配等知名草案品种,类型和质量得到了提高,而颜色一直保持  

From the first, they were admired by all who saw them. 从一开始,他们钦佩谁看见他们。 It was not until approximately 1935 that any special effort was put forth to make a distinct breed of them. 直到大约1935年,没有提出任何特殊的努力,使其中的一个独特的品种。 At that time, a few foresighted men began line breeding and inbreeding with the hopes of establishing a new draft breed. 当时,一些富有远见的男人开始行繁殖和近亲繁殖,与建立一个新的草案品种的希望。

THE ASSOCIATION 该协会

In the spring of 1944, a group of interested breeders met in Iowa Falls, Iowa, and laid plans for forming the American Cream Draft Horse Association. 在1944年春,一组感兴趣的育种会见,爱荷华州,在爱荷华州的瀑布,形成美国的奶油草案马业协会的计划。 Officers and directors were elected and negotiations to obtain charter were begun. 管理人员和董事当选,并开始谈判,以获得宪章 On July 11, 1944, a charter was granted by the State of Iowa. 宪章被授予1944年7月11日,爱荷华州 Under this charter, registrations and transfers are made. 根据本章程,注册和转让。

 

In November, 1948 they were recommended for recognition by the National Stallion Enrollment Board. ,1948年11月,他们建议由国家骏马招生委员会认可。 On February 15, 1950 they were recognized as standard by the Iowa Department of Agriculture. 1950年2月15日,他们被认定为标准,由爱荷华州农业部门。 This gives them all the privileges granted to older established breeds in that state. 这给了他们所有的特权授予建立在该国的旧品种

In 1982, three member families and the Secretary met to reorganize. 1982年,三个成员家庭和秘书长会见了重组。 Revisions in the By-Laws were approved to permit registration of mares with dark skin while retaining the ruling that stallions must have pink skin. 修订附例,经批准允许保留裁决,种马必须有粉红色的皮肤,而皮肤黝黑的母马进行登记。 Blood testing has established that, compare with other draft breeds and based upon gene marker data, the Creams form a distinct group within the draft horses. 血液测试,建立与其他草案品种比较,并根据基因标记数据,膏草案马内形成一个独特的群体 Since reorganization, 140 animals have been registered. 重组以来,已注册的140动物。