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汉诺威马

 
Hanoverian汉诺威

Hanoverians, such as this gelding, are competitive mounts for the equestrian sport of show jumping . Hanoverians,如此驹,是马术运动的竞争坐骑显示跳跃
Distinguishing features特色 Warmblood horse suitable for dressage, show jumping, eventing, show hunters, and leisure riding. Warmblood马盛装舞步适合,展现跳跃,事件,显示猎人,和休闲骑。
Alternative names供选择的名字 Hannoveraner, Hannoverian Hannoveraner,Hannoverian
Country of origin原产地 Germany 德国
Breed standards品种标准
The Hanoverian Verband汉诺威工程师协会 Breed standards 品种标准
Horse ( Equus ferus caballus ) 雅科仕ferus caballus)

A Hanoverian is a warmblood horse originating in Germany , which is often seen in the Olympic Games and other competitive English riding styles, and have won gold medals in all three equestrian Olympic competitions.一个汉诺威warmblood 马, 原产德国,这往往在奥运会和其它竞争英语骑风格,在所有三个奥运马术比赛,赢得了金牌。 It is one of the oldest, most numerous, and most successful of the warmbloods.它是历史最悠久,数量最多的,和最成功的warmbloods之一。 Originally a carriage horse, infusions of Thoroughbred blood lightened it to make it more agile and useful for competition.本来是马车的马, 纯种血的输注减轻,使其更灵活和有用的竞争。 The Hanoverian is known for a good temperament, athleticism, beauty, and grace.汉诺威是气质好,运动,美容,和恩典。

 

[ edit ] Breed history [ 编辑 ] 品种历史

In 1735, George II , the King of England and Elector of Hanover , founded the State Stud at Celle . 1735年, 英格兰和选民汉诺威国王乔治二世创立了国家在策勒梭哈 He purchased stallions suitable for all-purpose work in agriculture and in harness, as well as for breeding cavalry mounts.他购买了所有的目的,在农业和利用工作,以及养殖骑兵坐骑适合种马。 The local mares were refined with Holsteiner , Thoroughbred and Cleveland Bay , Neapolitan , Andalusian , Prussian, and Mecklenburg stock.当地的母马进行了细化Holsteiner纯种克利夫兰湾那不勒斯安达卢西亚 ,普鲁士,和梅克伦堡股票。 By the end of the 18th century, the Hanoverian had become a high-class coach horse.到18世纪末,在汉诺威已成为一个高级的教练马。

In 1844, a law was passed that only allowed stallions that were passed by a commission to be used for breeding purposes. 1844年,通过了一项法律,只允许由委员会通过的公马用于繁殖目的。 In 1867, breeders started a society aimed at producing a coach and military horse, with the first stud book being published in 1888. 1867年,育种者开始旨在产生了教练和军事马的一个社会,与螺栓在1888年出版的书。 The Hanoverian became one of the most popular breeds in Europe for coach and army work.汉诺威成为在最流行 ​​的品种之一 ,欧洲的教练和军队工作。

This print from 1898 depicts a sturdy, versatile Hanoverian.这是从1898年的打印描绘了一个坚固,多功能的汉诺威。

When the demand for Hanoverians declined following World War I , the aim for breeding became a horse that could be used for farm work, but still had the blood and gaits to be used as a riding and carriage horse.当Hanoverians需求下降第一次世界大战后,为育种目的成为一个可用于农活的马,但仍然作为骑马和马车的马的血液和使用步态。 After World War II , there was a growing demand for sport horses, as well as general riding horses, and the breeding yet again was adapted. 第二次世界大战后,有一个运动马匹,以及一般的骑马的日益增长的需求,并滋生再次被改编。 Thoroughbreds were used to refine the breed; occasionally an Anglo-Arabian or Trakehner stallion was used.纯种马被用来提炼的品种;偶尔盎格鲁阿拉伯Trakehner骘。 The key to the success of the Hanoverian has been the rigorous selection of breeding stock, a large breed population, and the breeders' willingness to adapt to changes in demand.汉诺威的成功的关键已种畜,一个大的品种人口和育种者的意愿,以适应需求的变化,经过严格的挑选。

Today, the Hanoverian breeders' association offers many incentives to breed the best, including the famous auctions at Verden , and extensive grading opportunities for stallions, mares and young horses.今天,汉诺威育种者协会提供许多优惠奖励措施滋生的最好的,包括在著名的拍卖韦登,以及广泛的公马,母马和年轻的马分级机会。 In addition, few breeds have such well-kept records, allowing the breeders to trace bloodlines over many generations, improving their chances to find the best stallion-mare match.此外,少数品种有这样的纪录,让育种者多代跟踪的血统,提高的机会,以找到最好的公马母马比赛。 The current aim of the breeders today is to create a noble, versatile warmblood with light, elastic, and ground-covering gaits.当前育种今天的目标是创造一个高尚的,多功能warmblood轻,弹性好,和地面覆盖步态。 Whenever necessary, outside blood is brought in to improve the horse.必要时,外来的血液带来,在提高马。 The strict selection ensures that Hanoverians are athletic and good jumpers, for show jumping and eventing , and have the gaits for dressage .严格的选拔,确保Hanoverians是运动和良好的跳线,显示跳跃事件,并已为步态盛装舞步。

The Hanoverian brand is applied to the left hindquarter on foals accepted into the foal register.汉诺威品牌应用到马驹寄存器接受马驹左侧后半部。 The last 2 digits of the horse's life number usually appear under the brand.马的生活号码的最后2位数,通常会出现的品牌下。

[ edit ] Breed Characteristics [ 编辑 ] 品种特性

The horses are elegant, strong, and robust.马的优雅,坚强,和健壮。 They are bred to be willing and trainable, and have a strong back , powerful body, athletic movement, and strong limbs. Chestnut , bay , brown, black , and gray are found the most often.他们愿意和可训练的繁殖,并有很强的背部 ,强悍的身体,运动运动,和强大的四肢板栗湾,褐色黑色灰色和最经常被发现。 Regulations prohibit horses with too much white, and buckskin , palomino and cremello horses from being registered.规例“禁止太多白,马鹿皮Palominocremello马从登记。 The horses can be 15.3-17.2 hands high, but most are in the range of 16-16.2 hands.马可15.3-17.2 高,但大多数是在16-16.2手范围内。

[ edit ] Hanoverians in sport [ 编辑 ] Hanoverians在体育运动中

The World Breeding Federation for Sport Horses (WBFSH) uses results from International Federation for Equestrian Sports -recognized (FEI) competitions to rank individual horses and breed registries within each Olympic discipline: dressage , show jumping , and eventing . 世界体育马匹育种联合会 (WBFSH)使用结果从国际马术运动联合会认可(费)比赛排名个别马匹和品种登记在每个奥林匹克学科: 盛装舞步展现跳跃 ,和事件 The WBFSH publishes these rankings each year. WBFSH出版这些排名每年。 The FEI is also the International Olympic Committee -recognized international governing body for equestrian sport.飞也是国际奥林匹克委员会认可的国际马术运动的身体。

In North America , the hunt seat style of riding features the show hunter , a highly-competitive discipline.北美 ,骑马狩猎座位的风格特征显示猎人 ,一个具有高度竞争力的的学科。 While infrastructure does not allow the accuracy and completeness of WBFSH/FEI standings, the United States Equestrian Federation (USEF) also publishes yearly rankings of the top hunter horses, and the top sires of hunter horses.而基础设施不允许的准确性和完整性WBFSH /费榜上, 美国马术联合会 (USEF)也公布年度排名的前猎人的马匹,和猎人的马匹的顶级种牛。

[ edit ] Hanoverians in dressage [ 编辑 ] Hanoverians在盛装舞步

These three Hanoverian geldings (Elvis VA, Bonaparte, and Satchmo) made up the gold medal-winning dressage team at the 2008 Beijing Olympics.这三个(猫王VA,波拿巴和Satchmo)汉诺威阉了金牌赢得盛装舞步队在2008年北京奥运会。

The Hanoverian Society has been the most successful studbook in international dressage competition as ranked by the WBFSH and FEI since these standings began to be published in 2001.汉诺威协会已在国际上最成功的血统登记盛装舞步WBFSH费排名的竞争,因为这些榜上开始在2001年出版。 The top Hanoverian-branded international dressage horses include Salinero , Satchmo 78, Sunrise, Bonaparte 67, Brentina , and Wansuela Suerte.顶部汉诺威国际品牌盛装舞步马包括Salinero Satchmo 78,日出,波拿巴67 Brentina ,Wansuela Suerte。 Since the 1956 Olympic Games , Hanoverians have earned 3 individual gold medals (Salinero twice, and Gigolo ), 4 individual silver medals (Satchmo, Gigolo twice, and Woycek), and 4 individual bronze medals (Bonaparte, Weyden, Mehmed, and Dux). Hanoverians 1956年奥运会以来,已经赢得了3个人金牌(Salinero两次, 舞男),4个人银牌(Satchmo,舞男两次,Woycek),4个人铜牌(波拿巴,Weyden,穆罕默德和DUX ) 。 Hanoverians have been members of no fewer than 7 gold medal dressage teams (2008, 2004, 2000, 1996, 1992, 1976, 1968, and 1964). Hanoverians已不下7金牌盛装舞步队(2008年,2004年,2000年,1996年,1992年,1976年,1968年和1964年)的成员。 The World Equestrian Games , which are held every four years to split the non-Olympic years evenly, have also been won by many Hanoverians. 世界马术运动会 ,每四年举行一次,均匀分割 ​​的非奥运年,也已经赢得了许多Hanoverians。 Dressage champions at the World Equestrian Games that bore the Hanoverian brand include Mehmed (1974), Gigolo (1994, 1998), Satchmo (2006), and Salinero (2006, freestyle).孔品牌包括穆罕默德的汉诺威(1974),舞男(1994年,1998年),Satchmo(2006年),和Salinero“(2006年,自由式)举行的世界马术运动会盛装舞步赛的冠军。 Hanoverians have been members of 8 gold-medal winning WEG teams since 1966 (1966, 1974, 1978, 1982, 1990, 1994, 1998, and 2006). Hanoverians已自1966年以来的8枚金牌赢得WEG的团队成员(1966年,1974年,1978年,1982年,1990年,1994年,1998年和2006年)。 At the age of 25, the Hanoverian stallion Weltmeyer is the world's #3 sire of international-caliber dressage horses, behind #2 Donnerhall , who was sired by the Hanoverian Donnerwetter. [ 1 ]在25岁以下的,汉诺威种马Weltmeyer是世界排名3父系国际口径的盛装舞步马,背后# 2 Donnerhall,谁是首创由汉诺威Donnerwetter [1 ]

[ edit ] Hanoverians in show jumping [ 编辑 ] 在显示Hanoverians跳跃

The Hanoverian Society has been consistently ranked in the top five most successful studbooks in international show jumping competition as ranked by the WBFSH and FEI since 2001. [ 2 ] The best Hanoverian jumpers of the new millennium are Shutterfly, by Silvio, and For Pleasure , by Furioso II .汉诺威协会一直排名在前五名的最成功的国际studbooks 显示跳跃竞争WBFSH费排名自2001年以来, [2]新千年最佳汉诺威跳线的Shutterfly,由贝卢斯科尼,并为乐Furioso第二 Shutterfly won the Show Jumping World Cup in 2005, 2008, and 2009. Shutterfly的获得显示跳世界杯 ,在2005年,2008年和2009年。 For Pleasure was second place at the 1995 World Cup, and was a member of two gold medal-winning Olympic show jumping teams.为乐趣是在1995年世界杯的第二位,是一个奥运金牌殊荣的显示跳跃团队成员。 Warwick Rex won the individual gold medal in show jumping at the 1976 Montreal Olympics , and Fidelitas took silver at the 1964 Tokyo Games.华威雷克斯赢得跳跃显示在1976年蒙特利尔奥运会个人金牌,并Fidelitas发生在1964年东京奥运会的银牌。 Hanoverians have been members of 6 Olympic gold medal teams in show jumping (2000, 1996, 1992, 1988, 1964, 1960). Hanoverians已经6显示跳跃金牌奥运金牌队(2000年,1996年,1992年,1988年,1964年,1960年)的成员。 Other top-notch Hanoverian show jumpers include winner of the 1995 World Cup Dollar Girl, two-time World Cup champion ET FRH, and Esprit FRH, vice-champion of the World Cup in 1998 and member of the gold medal-winning show jumping team at the 1998 World Equestrian Games in Rome .其他顶尖汉诺威显示跳线包括冠军1995年世界杯美元女孩,两次世界杯冠军的ET FRH,和Esprit FRH,世界杯冠军,在1998年的副金牌殊荣显示跳跃团队和成员在1998年世界马术运动会罗马

[ edit ] Hanoverian show hunters [ 编辑 ] 汉诺威展会猎人

Hanoverians often have the steady temperament and round jumping style required of show hunters . Hanoverians往往有稳重的气质和所需的显示猎人轮跳跃的风格。

Show hunters are subjectively judged over at least two separate patterns of rustic obstacles, and are also judged on the efficiency and correctness of their gaits . 显示猎人是质朴的障碍,至少有两个独立的模式,主观判断,也对他们的效率和正确性判断步态。 Conformation hunters are also judged on their conformation , or the suitability and correctness of their physique.构象猎人也判断其构象 ,或体质的适宜性和正确性。 Over fences, hunters must jump safely and predictably, pulling their legs away from the obstacle and using their hindquarters for propulsion.围墙,猎人必须安全和可预见的的,他们的腿拉距离的障碍,并使用他们的后躯,为推进。 The best hunters are pleasant and uncomplicated to ride.最好的猎人们共度愉快而简单的。 Competitions for show hunters are uncommon outside the United States and Canada .显示猎人的比赛以外的罕见美国加拿大。 These competitions are broken down based on the age and presumed ability level of the rider: "juniors" are riders under the age of 18, and they are divided into those riders 15 years old and younger, and those that are 16 or 17.这些比赛被分解的基础上骑手的年龄和能力水平推定:“晚辈”下,18岁的车手,他们划分为那些15岁以下的骑手,而那些16岁或17。 The divisions for junior riders also feature either large (at least 16 hands tall) or small horses. Amateur adult riders compete in divisions for those 18 to 35 years, and those over 35.初级车手的部门还配备(至少16 高)无论是大或小的马业余成人乘客在部门竞争,这些18至35岁和35岁以上者。 Champion hunters with the Hanoverian brand from recent years include Renaissance, Regular Working Hunter Horse of the Year in 2008, Katcha' Lookin', who was nationally ranked in top ten Regular Working Hunters in 2007, 2006, and 2005, and Sequel, Regular Working Hunter Horse of the Year in 2006 and 2005.与汉诺威品牌冠军猎人近年来,包括文艺复兴时期,在2008年年度的正常工作猎人马,Katcha“Lookin',谁是全国排名前十位经常工作猎人在2007年,2006年,和2005年,续集,正常工作猎人在2006年和2005年马年。 Horse of the Year titles have also gone to Hanoverians in the restricted divisions, such as Large Junior Hunter 16-17 in 2008, Amateur Owner Hunter 18-35 and Amateur Owner Hunter 35+ in 2006, and Green Conformation Hunter in 2006.年度冠军的马都在禁区的部门,如大少年猎人16-17,在2008年也经历了Hanoverians,猎人18-35业余所有者和业余所有者猎人35 +于2006年,并于2006年绿构象猎人。 While poor record-keeping on the part of sellers and buyers limits their potential accuracy, the United States Equestrian Federation also publishes annual rankings of sires of hunter horses.虽然战绩不佳,部分买家和卖家保持限制其潜在的准确度,美国马术联合会还发布了猎人的马种牛的年度排名。 In 2008, four Hanoverian sires were ranked in the top 10: All the Gold (2), Rio Grande (4), Escudo I (5) and Espri (8). [ 3 ] 2008年,四个汉诺威种牛被排名前10名:所有黄金(2),里奥格兰德(4),埃斯库多我(5)和思捷(8) [3] 。

[ edit ] Hanoverians in eventing [ 编辑 ] 事件Hanoverians

The sport of eventing is descended from comprehensive tests of cavalry horses, which had to be able to cover uncertain terrain and obstacles at speed, while still highly-trained and obedient.从体育事件下降了全面的测试 ,骑兵马,它必须能够覆盖速度不确定的地形和障碍,而仍然训练有素和听话。 The latter aspect is tested with a dressage test, while a grueling day of cross country jumping and galloping , followed by a simple show jumping course the next day, test the former quality.后者是测试一个盛装舞步赛测试,越野而艰苦的一天 跳跃奔腾 ,通过一个简单的显示跳跃过程的第二天,测试前的质量。 As civilians took up the sport following World War I , the sport began to demand faster horses.作为平民的运动第一次世界大战后,这项运动开始要求更快的马。 Hanoverians have been, by and large, too slow to excel at eventing. Hanoverians已大,速度太慢,善于事件。 The development of the "short format" event, which does not require as much galloping, as well as the efforts of a handful of Hanoverian breeders, have seen the breed advance in the sport.发展的“短格式”事​​件,并不需要尽可能多的奔腾,以及少数汉诺威育种的努力,已经看到了在这项运动中的品种提前。 An especially influential breeder of Hanoverian eventers is Friedrich Butt, whose inistance on crossing Hanoverian half- Thoroughbred mares back to Thoroughbred stallions, has produced the likes of Butts Abraxxas and the full sublings Butts Leon and Butts Leoness.汉诺威eventers尤其是有影响力的饲养员是弗里德里希对接,跨越汉诺威半inistance纯种母马,纯血种马,喜欢巴茨Abraxxas和充分sublings巴茨莱昂和巴茨Leoness。 Both Abraxxas and Leon were members of the gold medal-winning eventing team at the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Abraxxas和莱昂金牌殊荣的事件在2008年北京奥运会的团队成员。

In 2008, the World Breeding Federation for Sport Horses (WBFSH) ranked the Hanoverian studbook third for eventing horses, behind the Irish Sport Horse and Selle Francais . [ 4 ] Thoroughbreds actually dominate the sport, and unregistered part-Thoroughbreds are also common, but as the breed registries for the Thoroughbred do not declare sport horses as their breeding aim, they are not members of the WBFSH and thus are not part of these rankings. 2008年, 世界体育,马匹育种联合会 (WBFSH)排名事件马汉诺威血统登记第三,落后于爱尔兰运动马匹SELLE酒店的语言[4] 纯种实际上主宰运动,和未注册的一部分,纯种也很常见,但作为纯种繁殖登记不申报运动马匹 ,其繁殖的目的,他们是不是WBFSH成员,因此没有这些排名的一部分。 Top sires of international-caliber Hanoverian eventers include Heraldik xx, Thoroughbred sire of Butts Leon and Butts Abraxxas; Amerigo Vespucci xx, Thoroughbred sire of Air Jordan and Nebelwerfer; Lemon xx, Thoroughbred sire of Lady Lemon FRH and FRH Little Lemon; and Sherlock Holmes xx, Thoroughbred sire of Schorsch and FRH Serve Well. [ 4 ] [ 5 ]国际口径汉诺威eventers热门陛下包括Heraldik XX,巴茨莱昂和巴茨Abraxxas纯种父系韦斯普奇XX,纯种的乔丹和Nebelwerfer父系夫人柠檬FRH和FRH一点柠檬柠檬XX,纯种父系和福尔摩斯XX,纯种Schorsch和FRH父系服好务。 [4] [5]

[ edit ] Health concerns [ 编辑 ] 对健康的关注

In order to be incorporated into the studbook, stallions and mares must pass rigorous testing .为了将血统登记注册成立,公马和母马, 必须通过严格的测试。 The goal of this testing is to prevent horses with heritable defects from continuing to pass on their genes.这一测试的目的是为了防止马继续传递它们的基因与遗传缺陷。 As a result, horses with the Hanoverian brand often have excellent health.因此,马与汉诺威的品牌往往具有良好的健康。 The Hanoverian verband, and other warmblood breeding societies, continue to promote research into the health of their horses.汉诺威工程师协会,和其他warmblood繁殖的社会,继续他们的马匹的健康促进的研究。

Poor fertility in Hanoverian stallions and mares is not common.普尔在汉诺威公马和母马的生育是不常见的的。 However, research on Hanoverian stallions has helped lead to the identification of new genes that affect stallion fertility. [ 6 ] [6]然而,汉诺威种马的研究已经帮助导致的影响骘生育的新基因的鉴定。

Osteochondrosis affects many species, including pigs, shown here.骨软骨病影响许多物种,包括猪,这里显示。 The arrow indicates where a piece of cartilage is beginning to separate from the rest of the joint.箭头表示了一块软骨开始联合的其余部分分开。

Osteochondrosis is a disease that affects the bone and cartilage in the joints of growing horses. 骨软骨病是一种疾病,会影响骨骼软骨的 关节越来越马。 The joints most commonly affected are the fetlocks in the fore- and hind leg, and the hock and stifle of the hind leg.最常见的感染关节fetlocks中脱颖而出和后腿和飞节扼杀的后腿。 Osteochondrosis lesions include tiny fractures, fluid buildup, loose flaps of cartilage, or chips of cartilage loose within the joint.骨软骨病病变包括微小的裂缝,液体积聚,松动的软骨皮瓣,或关节内的软骨松散芯片。 The last lesion is called osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD), and can develop further into degenerative joint disease, such as osteoarthrosis .最后的病灶被称为剥脱骨软骨病(OCD),可以进一步发展为退行性骨关节病, 如骨关节病。 Osteochondrosis can also contribute to navicular syndrome and Wobbler disease . [ 7 ] Because most horses, especially Hanoverians, which are often used for demanding equestrian sports, work for a living, joint discomfort can mean the end of a horse's career. [ 8 ] Between 7% and 10% of Hanoverians have OCD in the hock joint, and between 12% and 24% have OCD in a fetlock joint. [ 8 ] [ 9 ] [ 10 ]骨软骨病可以也有助于舟综合征摇摆疾病[7]由于大多数马匹,尤其是Hanoverians,这往往是要求苛刻的马术一个生活,关节不适,体育,工作可以意味着马的职业生涯结束。[8 ]之间[8] [9] [10] 7%和10%Hanoverians的有强迫症,在飞节和12%和24%之间的有强迫症在球节联合。

Recent research has tagged certain conformational characteristics and other heritable factors of bone growth and maintenance as the most important contributors to the development of osteochondrosis. [ 7 ] The Hanoverian Breeder's Society in Germany, and all its daughter societies, mandate that stallions must be free of OCD lesions in order to be issued a breeding license .最近的研究已标记一定的构象和特色的其他遗传性的最重要的贡献者发展软骨病骨的生长和维护的因素。[7 ]在汉诺威种的协会在德国,和所有其女儿的社会,任务,种马必须是自由的强迫症的病变,以发出繁殖许可证 Elite mares and Verband-sponsored auction candidates have identical requirements.精英母马和工程师协会主办的拍卖候选人有相同的要求。 Horses are examined with radiographs .马是用X光片检查。

[ edit ] Breed societies [ 编辑 ] 品种社会

The first studbook - official documentation of pedigrees, matings, and ensuing offspring - for Hanoverians was founded in 1888 by the Royal Agricultural Society. [ 11 ] The "Hanoverian Warmblood studbook" was kept by the Chamber of Agriculture from 1899 until 1922, when the Society of Hanoverian Warmblood Breeders was founded, privatizing ownership of the studbook. [ 11 ] This society unified over 50 local breeders' clubs with a total of over 10,000 members. [ 11 ] Today, this society is known simply as the Hannoveraner verband , or Hanoverian Society.第一血统登记 -血统的正式文件,交配,以及随之而来的后代- Hanoverians成立于1888年由英国皇家农业协会[11 ]“汉诺威Warmblood血统登记”被保存,直到1922年,由农业部从1899年的会议厅,当汉诺威Warmblood育种协会成立后,私有化的血统登记的所有权[11 ] 50'本地育种俱乐部,共有1万多名成员统一这个社会。[ 11]今天,这个社会是被简单的称为Hannoveraner工程师协会,或汉诺威协会。 The verband maintains the studbooks, issues passports, and collects and publishes performance statistics, while educating members about and encouraging research into all aspects of breeding and keeping healthy Hanoverians. [ 12 ] [12] 工程师协会保持studbooks,问题的护照,并收集和发布的性能统计数据,同时教育的成员,并鼓励进入繁殖和保持健康Hanoverians的所有方面的研究。

The Association for the Promotion of Hanoverian horses in Equestrian Sport ( Verein zur Foerderung des Reitsports auf Hannoverschen Pferden ) was founded in 1985 and operates under the verband .推广汉诺威马术马协会( 社团组织楚Foerderung Reitsports AUF Hannoverschen Pferden)成立于1985年,根据工程师协会运作。 Its goal is to unite sponsors, corporate or otherwise, and talented riders with the most gifted Hanoverian horses.它的目标是团结最有天赋的汉诺威马的赞助商,企业或以其他方式和才华的车手。 In this way, the FRH removes the most common obstacle to a horse's success: expense.这样,FRH删除马的成功的最常见的障碍:费用。 Horses united with their riders in this fashion bear the initials FRH as a suffix or prefix , eg Gigolo FRH, FRH Butts Abraxxas, Forsyth FRH. [ 13 ] [13]美国以这种方式与他们的车手马匹承受的英文缩写为FRH 后缀前缀例如舞男FRH,FRH巴茨Abraxxas,福塞斯FRH。

The popularity of the Hanoverian has brought about a number of affiliated societies as Hanoverian horses began to reach the Americas , Australia and New Zealand in the 1970s.在汉诺威的普及带来了对所属社会汉诺威马开始到达美洲, 澳大利亚 新西兰在20世纪70年代。 The American Hanoverian Society was founded in 1978.美国汉诺威协会成立于1978年。 A single society first served Australia and New Zealand in 1981; the two nations have had separate societies since 1993. [ 14 ] [ 15 ] There are two Hanoverian breeding clubs in Canada , in addition to groups in the United Kingdom , Denmark , Finland , France , and Russia .一个单一的社会,首先在1981年担任澳大利亚和新西兰两个国家自1993年以来,有单独的社会[14 ] [15 ]有两个在汉诺威育种俱乐部加拿大英国 丹麦 ,芬兰,除了在团体法国俄罗斯